This means that employers with 20 or more employees must have a compulsory share of persons with disabilities (2%–6% of the total number of workers) employed. Any employer liable for the quota that does not meet the quota must pay a contributory fee on a monthly basis (by the end of each month for the previous month), amounting to 70% of the minimum wage for each non-employed disabled person, for the promotion of employment of persons with disabilities.
When employing a person with a disability, the employer is eligible for the following rights and financial incentives:
• Reward for exceeding the quota
Employers that employ more people with disabilities than specified in the quota and employers with fewer than 20 employees in total are eligible to receive a reward for exceeding the quota. It amounts to 20% of the minimum wage for each person with a disability above the quota. Direct and indirect users of the state budget are not eligible for the reward for exceeding the quota.
• Exemption from financial contributions to pension and disability insurance
Employers shall be exempt from payment of contributions to compulsory pension and disability insurance for disabled employees above the prescribed quota. This exemption also applies to employers with less than 20 employees. Direct and indirect users of the state budget are not eligible for this exemption from financial contributions to pension and disability insurance.
• Right to a salary subsidy
A salary subsidy is the right of a person with disabilities employed in sheltered or supported employment, or in a social enterprise employing persons with disabilities. due to the achievement of worse results as a consequence of disability.
• Payment of costs involved in making adjustments to the job and means of work
An employer may apply for payment of reasonable accommodation on the basis of an individual accommodation plan which shows that due to disability, the disabled person may only be engaged to fill a post adjusted for them or that needs the means of work adjusted.
• Payment of support-services costs
An employer that has concluded a contract on supported employment with a person with disabilities and has drawn up a support services plan needed by the person with disabilities may apply for payment of the costs associated with support services up to a maximum of 30 hours per month.
• Annual reward for good practice in the field of employment of people with disabilities
This is a special way of acknowledging employers that show good practice in the field of employment of people with special needs. Recipients of this reward also receive a “family-friendly company“ certificate.